Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan Top Page

Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan Vol.66 No.11/12 (2015)

Cover photograph | Table of Contents | Abstract

Cover photograph

A Pennsylvanian fusuline species, Fusulinella biconica (Hayasaka) from the Omi Limestone, Niigata Prefecture, central Japan

A Pennsylvanian fusuline species, Fusulinella biconica (Hayasaka) from the Omi Limestone, Niigata Prefecture, central Japan

The Omi Limestone is an atoll-type limestone
body embedded in the Permian Akiyoshi 
accretionary complex. Atoll-type limestones are generally of high quality for industrial use because of high purity of calcium carbonate, but some of them exhibit high phosphorus content unsuitable for use in steel and carbide plants. Chemical analysis of limestone of each depositional age and environment reveals the detailed maldistribution of phosphorus in a limestone body. Fusuline foraminifers are examined to assess the age of the Carboniferous‒Permian limestones.

(Photograph and Caption by Tsutomu Nakazawa)

Table of Contents

All the pages PDF : 66_11_full.pdf [3.1MB]

TitleAuthorPDF
Report
Maldistribution of phosphorus
in the Carboniferous–Permian atoll-type limestones of the Akiyoshi accretionary complex
Kentaro Sakata, Tsutomu Nakazawa, Takashi Okai and Katsumi Ueno(p199-212) 66_11_01.pdf [2.3MB]

Abstract

Maldistribution of phosphorus in the Carboniferous–Permian atoll-type limestones of the Akiyoshi accretionary complex

Kentaro Sakata, Tsutomu Nakazawa, Takashi Okai and Katsumi Ueno

Although atoll-type limestones in accretionary complexes are characterized by having high purity of calcium carbonate, some of them exhibit high phosphorus content comparatively. Such limestones are unsuitable for use in steel and carbide plants. It is important for mine development to understand the maldistribution of phosphorus in limestones. We measured phosphorus content of Carboniferous–Permian atoll-type limestones embedded in the Akiyoshi accretionary complex by using ICP-AES. Those samples were classified by age and depositional environment. We recognized that in samples from the reef-core environment phosphorus contents generally exhibit higher value in the Bashkirian and Moscovian than in the Visean, Serpukhovian, and Gzhelian. In contrast, back-reef limestones are characterized by the low content of phosphorus even in the Bashkirian and Moscovian. Phosphorus content is uncorrelated with those of iron and aluminum that are generally considered as the secondary accumulation. The high content of phosphorus in the Bashkirian and Moscovian reef-core limestones suggests the high nutrient level in seawater during the deposition of the limestones. It is probably related with rising sea-level caused by coeval super-plume activity in the Panthalassa ocean and resultant dominant upwellings.